Props

Prop is short for "Theatrical Property". These include any object held or used by the actor on stage. If the object is not used by the performers, it is merely a set decoration and counted as part of the set.

Aquiring/building

Props can be bought or built depending on what is best suited. Comedy over-sized props may not be readily available to buy cheaply so should be built, complex pieces of realistic equipment are impractical and time consuming to build from scratch so should be bought. The artistic director(s) are responsible for procuring props and informing the set designer or Technical Director which ones will need built.

Use

During a performance, all props must be left backstage until needed. When going on stage, performers pick up the prop they need from the props table and immediately after leaving the stage, they replace it. This prevents these things being lost and misplaced. Props should not be taken to the green room as if they are left there, it takes much longer to retrieve them.

The responsiblity for props during show week is left to the Stage Manager and/or their assistants. It is best to have a table or two (depending on the quantity and size of props) dedicated to props. Mark off areas with masking tape and label each section with a short description of the prop, the scenes it will be used for and quantities if applicaple. These should be accounted for before and preferably after each performance to ensure none are missing when it comes to them being brought on stage.

Occaisionally props are left on stage as part of the act. Provision must be made either as part of the scripted stage directions or the interval to retrieve these.


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theatrical_property

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